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Discover the town

Starting from the new Bus Station, another way, now anular, allows to locate those town's point where it was showed the link between the old centre and its widening. Crossed by Via Romagnoli, the quarter of Case Popolari represents, in its form and in the quality of its buildings, the severe and rarefied interpretation of the Rationalism, given by the architect G. Nicolosi (1901-1981) to the interventation of 1934-36 when more than 500 flats were built with yard and gallery house.
The complex, thought as an indipendent quarter as regards the urban project, is like a small town in the town, being equipped with shops and wide inner courtyards, which have quite the same function of a square; a big reference mark is pointed out by the near S.Maria Gorett's church, built after the war and decorated with M.Ferrazzi "graffiti". At IACP there are some bronze works of D.Cambelloti. Crossing the ring road and going through the town along via E. Filiberto, you can meet the area now used as green and car parking, where the old hospital and S. Benedetto's Church rose; only the small Casa dei Cursori, with an entrance in via Rattazzi remains: today it is Beni Culturali's ward because is the most ancient building left of the original centre of Quadrato.
In piazza Celli, reachable turning on the left, beyond the parking and along the centre line of via C.Battisti, another historical building faces, the ex O.M.N.I., small and measured presence built in 1932, with two floors and projecting stairs; on the first floor the balcony interrupts and reduces the verticality of the face, characterized by a high tufa portal and decorated with symmetric "tondi" representing the Maternity.
At the crossroad between via C.Battisti and Corso della Repubblica there is Piazza Roma, where on one side face the curved buildings of the Police Headquarter and ENEL and of I.N.A. houses, designed by G.Pediconi(1906) and M.Paniconi(1904-1975), in arrears as regards the square and specularly placed at the right angle. Built at the end of the 30's, the urban intervention considers on both sides, a higher part covered with bricks in the background of the square, and a shorter one, orthogonal as regards the first, with plastered faces decorated with loggias; a projecting roof links the two structures and allows to see the green behind them. During the autarthic period, to save the iron, traditional solutions were chosen for the attics of the first three floors, realised with bricks voults, which, projecting on the face, create a kind of rhythm, pointing out galleries and openings; even the taller part's cornice, which hides technical volumes, is lightened by a continuos alternation of empty and full spaces.
Going through Corso della Repubblica and turning the right of the ring road, we flank the Consorzio di Bonifica's garden, with an entrance from Corso Matteotti( the old stradone del Principe). The interesting building, which was built just in front of the Casa del Contadino( demolished to built the Pennacchi skyscraper), shows a vertical relief in the hall, which represents the form of the territory in 1937. Going on along Corso Matteotti, on the left via A.Diaz begins: it leads to piazza della libertà and it is the most significant street, the one which represents, through its monumental aspect the new ambitions of the provincial capital, explained in the Piano Regolatore and of Ampliamento of 1935. On the rectangular square faces the Palazzo del Governo decorated with a gigantic order of archs and pillars, whose centrale care projects on the square as regards the other volume, faced with bricks, in order to exalt the works of art: inscriptions with writings of Plinio il Vecchio e Mussolini, allegorical sculputures and green marble frieze, by Francesco Barbieri, which goes along the balcony and represents the goddesses Cerere, Igea and Minerva, and war and land reclamation's allegories.
Inside, in the Sala della Consulta, which leans out on this balcony, the pictorial cycle of D. Cambellotti " The Conquest of the Earth" is retained.
The trees of the green spots behind the Palazzo del Governo and I.N.A. houses, are the sign of the wider green of the public park, ex Arnaldo Mussolini Park, which re-proposes the urban pattern in its design, with its crossroads and squares; the central square is pointed out by the monolithic war memorial, 15 mt high, placed in 1959 on an altar-fountain, planned by O.Frezzotti. Beyond the ring road, at the beginning of Viale Petrarca, a residential building, designed by Frezzotti in 1950, is decorated with a continuos graffito freize, representing the roman country.
From Piazza della Libertà, without entering in the park "Arnaldo Mussolini" but going on along via Corsica and then on the right along Viale Gramsci, you arrive at Piazza S.Marco, the ex Piazza Savoia carried out in 1933, which became then the religious-educational centre of the town. On the square faces S.Marco's Church the ex O.N.B. and in front of it, the centre of the Combatants Associations and private residences; along Corso della Repubblica I.N.A. and I.N.P.S. structures(planned by the architect Vannoni in 1907), close the square S.Marco's Church is linked to the kindergarten and the oratory through short lateral portici. The face presents an high portico with three tufa and travertine archs and, on the sides, the four Evangelist's statues frammed by pillars, which close the front. The belltower, 37 mt high, sustains a copy of the Madoninna of Milan Cathedral, given by the A.C.I. of that city in 1933. The inside, with one nave and communicating chapels, has been finished with great care by the arch. O. Frezzotti, who planned the floor, the facing